When Jesus in John 10:30 made the statement that “I and the Father are one’, the Father was in heaven and Jesus was on earth, so how could they be one?
Does the statement that Jesus and the Father are one mean that they are the same person?
They are not the same person but two different persons because:
* The Father and Jesus communicated with each other. (Matthew 3:17; Luke 9:35)
* There were things that the Father knew that the Son did not. (Mark 13:32; Mark 24:36)
* A Father and a Son could never be the same person. (Proverbs 8:22-31; John 1:14,18)
* They both have different wills. (Matthew 26:39; Psalm 40:8
Could they be one in purpose, united in purpose?
It would seem that they are one in purpose. They cooperate. They do not work at cross-purposes. The Son so loves his Father that he always wants and works so that the Father’s will is accomplished. (John 10:38; John 8:29)
We also must be “one” in purpose with the Father and the Son. Notice how this is stated in 1 John 4:15 and John 17:11, 21. You can see that just as Jesus and the Father are united that we also should be united and also be united with God and Jesus. We should all cooperate and work together to do God’s will.
How does the context of John chapter 10 explain how they are one?
Now, if you read the whole chapter of John 10 carefully, you will see that they are one when it comes to the sheep (disciples). Both the Father (YHWH, Yahweh, Jehovah)and Jesus (the Son) love the sheep (us) and no one can snatch them either out of the hand of the Father or the hand of the Son. They will not let anyone take us away from either one of them. They both love us that much!
How does the context of the Bible explain how they are one?
What helps us to understand this expression of how two entities can be “one” is Genesis 2:24 and Matthew 19:5-6? In these verses, it speaks of Adam and Eve being one flesh. They came from one flesh as Eve issued out of Adam. But how would they become one flesh? They would be “one” flesh if they were united and worked together on the same goals.
So, The Father and Jesus are not one person or the same person but are “one” by being united in purpose and by cooperating together on the same purpose and goals. Whatever the Father does, Jesus is there right beside Him and we want to be right behind them. We all want to be “one”!
You might also like to read: How Is Jesus the Image of God and What Does That Mean?
Citation: The Holy Bible